Stem cells are the foundation cells of our bodies. Throughout our lives we rely on stem cells to repair and replace vital tissue that are constantly being renewed, such as those in our skin, hair, blood, and the lining of our gut.
What are the different types of stem cells?
There are two basic types of stem cells: embryonic and adult
Embryonic stem cells are found in the placenta and embryo. These cells are called totipotent, which means they have the ability to reproduce and develop into each of the more than 200 cell types of the adult body. While embryonic stem cells offer the greatest therapeutic potential, there are obviously moral and ethical concerns in harvesting these cells.
The second type of stem cell is the adult stem cell. These stem cells are called multipotent, which means they can differentiate into closely related cell lines, but they are not capable of creating a complete organ. Adult stem cells are found in the bone marrow, adipose tissue (fat), skin, liver, blood vessels, and neurons. Contrary to embryonic stem cells, there are no moral or ethical concerns in harvesting these cells, activating them, and reintroducing them back to the patient in areas where healing and regeneration is needed.
Is the procedure safe?
Compared to alternative treatments InvitraV is less invasive and removes the hassle of leaving your pet at the veterinary office overnight.
What side effects could occur?
The most common side effect that may occur is graft versus host disease (GvHD) in about 5 to 10 percent of the cases.
What kind of pre-treatment has to be done?
The pre-treatment workup is left up to the practitioner’s discretion but we recommend having some type of imaging for the joint injections and a blood panel of chemistry for intravenous injections.
How many injections are necessary?
In some cases we would suspect multiple injections may be necessary, but this is varies from case to case. In some patients an extra injection may be sufficient for rejuvenation.